Feral pigs have become a problem in certain areas of the United States. They are ferocious eaters, populate quickly and have a negative impact on most all animals as well as the local environment. The following list represents just some of the problems associated with this animal.
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FERAL PIG PROBLEM
Why are feral pigs a problem? Several reasons.
1) They compete with most native animals for a limited food supply.
2) They will eat most animal young like turtles or ground dwelling birds.
3) They will readily forage on poultry and small cattle like lambs or goats.
4) When natural food isn’t available, feral pigs will forage on local gardens or crops. Their impact can be fast and extreme resulting in tremendous losses to any farmers harvest.
5) They love to feed on young plants, seedlings, trees, nuts and vital components significant to the way plants and trees replenish themselves in our landscape. Additionally, they will damage existing forests with their “rooting” and “rubbing” behaviors.
6) They love to “wallow” in local ponds, lakes or streams which in turn can lead to erosion as well as have detrimental effects on water quality which in turn will impact local aquatic life.
7) They carry all kinds of bacteria and germs and because of their normal behaviors pose a real contamination threat.
8) They can be dangerous. Though mostly shy, feral pigs have been known to attack people or domestic animals.
BEST FERAL PIG REPELLENTS
There are a few pig repellents that can be used to keep them out of the yard when local problems are small and not too extreme. The options include bad tasting liquid sprays, water sprayers and sound repellers. The water and sound are designed to “spook” them away by making them feel stressed and uncomfortable.
LIQUID SPRAY REPELLENT FOR GRASS AND PLANTS
For mild feral pig problems where you’ve found them foraging in your yard or garden and damaging plants in the landscape, there is a liquid concentrate you can spray to keep them away. The spray tastes bad and as long as there is similar food close to the land you want to protect, they will simply move to the nearby location and avoid your treated turf or plants.
Treatments will last 3-4 weeks and after a few applications, the browsing pigs will “learn” to feed elsewhere. Created for deer and rabbits, PEST AWAY is a concentrate that is mixed with water and then sprayed using any standard PUMP SPRAYER.
For pigs, mix 4 oz per gallon of water and use the mixed solution for up to 1,000 sq/ft of turf or plant foliage like ground cover, shrubs or flowers.
Apply Pest Away with any good PUMP SPRAYER.
WATER SPRAYING REPELLER
Another device that can be employed is the MOTION ACTIVATED WATER SPRAYER. Basically these units are set where pigs are active. They have motion detectors and once turned on and hooked to a water supply, they can protect an area in the yard that is being targeted by local pigs. When unsuspecting pigs walk into the range of the sensor, water will start spraying out effectively chasing them away. Pigs are normally skittish and sensitive to anything abruptly spraying water and making a hissing sound. They will avoid the area as long as the units remain in place functioning.
Each unit can be controlled regarding the effective “spray” area and can cover large areas depending on the water pressure of your garden hose. The motion detector will sense motion in a field of view that’s about 105 degrees wide and up to 40 feet out from the unit.
Simply stake the unit in the ground, hook your garden hose to it and dial in the range of water spraying you’d like it to do. Units can be hooked up in series too.
ULTRA SOUND REPELLERS
Another good way to repel wild pigs is to install ULTRA SOUND REPELLERS around the property. These devices work because pigs are naturally sensitive to and skittish when they hear ultrasound, audible sound and flashing lights.
By default, our devices will send out ultra sound with a flashing LED light bar. They also have an audible sound (you can turn up or off) which is scary to nocturnal animals like pigs.
Other features of our machine is that you can set them to operate at night only as well as turn the audible sound completely off if you don’t want to annoy neighbors. The Ultra sound is effective for up to 70 feet and when the included AC power supply is used to power them on, you can run them all the time to increase their range. Pigs will sense the sound well before 70 feet and not come closer so running them all the time is the “best” setting but not required if a continuous power supply is not available.
Now when set to motion detector only, they’ll still work fine but will not set off until the pigs walk within 40 feet of the unit. The audible sound is quite loud and can be heard for up to football field away so when it activates and they’re close by, it will spook them immediately.
These units are weatherproof and should be placed along property borders or where the feral pigs are trailing, browsing or rooting.
The best feral pig setting is to set Operating Time to “night”, the Ultrasonic to “constant” and to power them always on using the included power supply. But you can also use them with the Ultrasonic set to “Motion” so it will only turn on when activated by intruding animals. Again, you will need to have the unit within 40 feet of the intruding animal and about 3 feet off the ground for it to work best. In either case, set the Sonic Volume to “80-100”. Lastly, the frequency (yellow knob) should be almost all the way to the left.
We have also found that powering the unit using the included AC converter for at least two weeks and then after that, running it on batteries using the “Motion Sensor” will be plenty effective to keep them away for good.
For easy installation, MOUNTING BLOCKS are handy. They can accept 1 or 2 repellers (picture to the right) and have a 1/2″ hole on their bottom so they will easily fit over a 1/2″ piece of rebar or any other wood or plastic stake. Ultra Sound Repellers will work fine by themselves as long as you have a good place to set them up. But we highly recommend getting the Units with Mounting Blocks in the kits we offer. Mounting Blocks allow you to place units anywhere and they will save time too.
We also feature several accessories for our sound repeller including POWER CORD EXTENDERS (33 FEET AND 66 FEET), CIGARETTE LIGHTER POWER ADAPTER, ALLIGATOR CLIP POWER CORD and AC POWER SUPPLY REPLACEMENTS.
HOW TO TRAP WILD PIGS
Trapping out active pigs can also be highly effective. This will many times negate their impact for good. By reducing local numbers, you reduce the chances of any coming on your property. Wild feral pigs can grow large so there aren’t many options available for managing local nuisance animals. So if you’re looking to capture and harvest the animal, we have several top options which can be employed.
LEGHOLD TRAPPING WILD PIGS
There are several live trap designs that can work on pigs. Known as “leg-holds”, these are styles that have long been used by traditional trappers who hunt beaver, mink, muskrat, etc. These devices work by “catching” target animals on their legs. Trap sets must be made where pigs are active and foraging. Depending on the size of the pig, use either COIL #3 or COIL # 5 traps. These are the easiest to set and need to be placed along walkways and trails. Be sure to “anchor” them to large stumps or better yet, live trees. Pigs are amazingly strong and will easy pull up common trap stakes.
For animals 100 lbs or less, the #3 will usually be large enough.
For animals over 100 lbs, go with a #5.
The more traditional leg hold trap is known as the Longspring. It’s a bit more difficult to deploy but works just as well. Again, animal size will determine the trap size needed. In most cases, a LONGSPRING # 3 or LONGSPRING # 5 will do the job.
For animals 100 lbs or less, the #3 will usually do the job.
For animals 100 lbs or more, go with a #5.
In most cases there is no need to bait these sets. But to keep the animals walking and moving around a set, bait the ground by scattering corn. This insures one will step on your set.
Wild pigs can grow large and are quite strong. For this reason leghold traps must be anchored to a big, strong tree to insure the traps aren’t taken away by trapped animals. You can also anchor traps with several cinder blocks if no tree is present.
HOW TO SNARE WILD PIGS
Another way to reduce the local pig population is to use heavy cable SNARES. You’ll need the heaviest duty model we make which is strong enough to hold both mountain lions and bears. Pigs will test the strength of the cables like any large animal.
Snares should be set up like leghold traps; place them in pathways or trails where pigs are active. Bait is not needed to make a set and in most cases, target animals will be caught by the leg or head. Like leghold traps, you must anchor your snare to a large, mature tree or cement cinder block to insure the cable isn’t hauled away.
WILD PIG CAGE TRAP
Lastly, another effective method of catching live pigs is with a cage trap. Well suited for small numbers of animals, this trap is large enough and strong enough to contain any animal that enters.
To ensure success, place the trap where pigs have been active. Line the trap floor with common ground cover like pine straw, sand, grass, etc. The goal here is to conceal the metal cage floor so they don’t feel uncomfortable walking over it. Partially covering the trap with tree branches, shrub stems, local plants that vine like kudzu or some other vegetation can help too.
Lastly, bait the trap with corn using 3-5 lbs behind the trip pan and another 1-2 lbs scattered from the entrance to the trip pan.
Our trap is 20″ wide, 28″ tall and 72″ long which is 6 feet. In general, one pig will be caught per set but we have had reports of two entering and getting caught at the same time.
Feral pigs have made a big impact around the country and are established in many states from the east coast to California. If you have a nuisance pig problem, consider one of the repellents listed above for moderate problems. Trapping is the most direct approach and can be used to harvest meat or reduce the local heard.
Give us a call if you need further help. Our toll free is 1-800-877-7290 and we’re open Monday through Thursday, 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM. On Friday, 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM and on Saturday, 9:00 AM to 2:00 PM (Eastern Standard Time).
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