Hog have become a problem in certain areas of the United States. They are ferocious eaters, populate quickly and have a negative impact on most all animals as well as the local environment. The following list represents just some of the problems associated with this animal.
HOG PROBLEMS AROUND THE HOME
1) Wild hogs will compete with most native animals for a limited food supply.
2) They will eat most animal young like turtles or ground dwelling birds.
3) Hogs will readily forage on poultry and small cattle like lambs or goats.
4) When natural food isn’t available, hogs will forage on local gardens or crops. Their impact can be fast and extreme resulting in tremendous losses to any farmers harvest.
5) They love to feed on young plants, seedlings, trees, nuts and vital components significant to the way plants and trees replenish themselves in our landscape. Additionally, they will damage existing forests with their “rooting” and “rubbing” behaviors.
6) They love to “wallow” in local ponds, lakes or streams which in turn can lead to erosion as well as have detrimental effects on water quality which in turn will impact local aquatic life.
7) They carry all kinds of bacteria and germs and because of their normal behaviors pose a real contamination threat.
8) They can be dangerous. Though mostly shy, Hog have been known to attack people or domestic animals.
HOG REPELLENTS CAN KEEP THEM AWAY
There are a few products you can use to keep them out of the yard. These include bad tasting liquid sprays, sound and water sprayers.
LIQUID SPRAY HOG REPELLENT ^
For mild hog problems where you’ve found them foraging in your yard or garden and damaging plants in the landscape, there is a liquid concentrate you can spray to keep them away. The spray tastes bad and as long as there is similar food close to the land you want to protect, they will simply move to the nearby location and avoid your treated turf or plants.
Treatments will last 2-4 weeks and after a few applications, the browsing hogs will “learn” to feed elsewhere. Created for deer and rabbits, DEER OFF is a concentrate that is mixed with water and then sprayed using any standard PUMP SPRAYER.
For pigs, mix 16 oz per gallon of water and use the mixed solution for up to 1,000 sq/ft of turf or plant foliage like ground cover, shrubs or flowers. Single gallons of concentrate will cover up to 8,000 sq/ft.
Use a good PUMP SPRAYER to apply the Deer Off. Make sure you cover all plant foliage since they’re finicky enough to browse any part of the plant you miss.
WATER SPRAYER REPELLER ^
Another way to keep hogs off the property is to install MOTION ACTIVATED WATER SPRAYER. Basically these units are set where hogs are entering your yard. These use motion detectors and once set up and hooked to a water supply, they can protect an area in the yard that is being targeted by local hogs.
They work by spraying unsuspecting pigs with a 3 second blast of water. Hogs are normally skittish and sensitive to anything abruptly spraying water and making a hissing sound. They will avoid the area where these devices are set up as long as the units remain in place and continue to function.
Each unit can be controlled regarding the effective “spray” area and can cover large areas or small areas depending on the water pressure of your garden hose, how high up you turn it, etc. The motion detector will sense motion in a field of view that’s about 105 degrees wide and up to 40 feet out from the unit.
Simply stake the unit in the ground, hook your garden hose to it and dial in the range of water spraying you’d like it to do. Units can be hooked up in series too.
ULTRA SOUND REPELLERS ^
Another good way to repel wild hogs is to install ULTRA SOUND REPELLERS where they are active. These devices work because hogs are naturally sensitive to and skittish to sound and strobe lights..
By default, our devices will send out ultra sound with a flashing strobe/light bar. They also have an audible sound (you can turn up or off) which is scary to nocturnal animals like hogs.
Other features of our machine is that you can set them to operate at night only as well as turn the audible sound completely off if you don’t want to annoy neighbors. The Ultra sound is effective for up to 70 feet and when the included AC power supply is used to power them on, you can run them all the time to increase their effective range. Hogs will sense the sound long before 70 feet and in turn, not come close to your yard.
Now when set to motion detector only, they’ll still work fine but will not set off until the hogs walk within 40 feet of the unit. The audible sound is quite loud and can be heard for up to football field away so when it activates and if they’re close, it will spook them immediately. In most cases, they will not come back as long as the units remain in place.
These units are weatherproof and should be placed along property borders or where the wild hogs are trailing, browsing or rooting.
The best feral hog setting is for the Operating Time switch set to “night”, the Ultrasonic switch set to “constant” and then to power them always on using the included power supply. But you can also use them with the Ultrasonic set to “Motion” so it will only turn on when activated by intruding animals. Again, you will need to have the unit within 40 feet of the intruding animal and about 3 feet off the ground for it to work best. In either case, set the Sonic Volume to “80-100”. Lastly, the frequency (yellow knob) should be almost all the way to the left.
We have also found that powering the unit using the included AC converter for at least two weeks and then after that, running it on batteries using the “Motion Sensor” will be plenty effective to keep them away for good.
LIVE TRAPS FOR HOG CONTROL ^
Because of all the problems associated with wild hogs and the damage they do, farmers and land owners alike will often times live trap out damaging hogs. Since hogs can grow large, there aren’t many options available for managing local nuisance animals other than large live cages and leghold or noose style traps.
LEGHOLD TRAPS FOR HOGS ^
There are several leg hold traps that work on hogs. These styles have long been used by traditional trappers who hunt beaver, mink, muskrat, etc. for hundreds of years.
These devices work by “catching” target animals on their legs. Trap sets must be made where hogs are active and foraging. Depending on the size of the hog, a good sized trap will be either COIL #3 or COIL # 5.
Coil traps are the easiest to set and need to be placed along walkways and trails. Be sure to “anchor” them to large stumps or better yet, live trees. Hogs are amazingly strong and will easy pull up common trap stakes so you must use a “permanent” anchor otherwise the chances are high the trap and hog will be gone the next time you come to inspect your trap line.
For animals 100 lbs or less, the #3 will usually be large enough.
For animals over 100 lbs, go with a #5.
The more traditional leg hold trap is known as the Longspring. It’s a bit more difficult to deploy but works just as well. Again, animal size will determine the trap size needed. In most cases, a LONGSPRING # 3 or LONGSPRING # 5 will do the job.
For animals 100 lbs or less, the #3 will usually do the job.
In most cases there is no need to bait these sets when using leghold traps. But to keep the animals walking and moving around a set, bait the ground by scattering corn. This insures one will step on your set. Also, the more traps employed the higher the odds are in your favor one will walk on a trigger and get caught.
Wild hogs can grow large and are quite strong. For this reason leghold traps must be anchored to a big, strong tree to insure the traps aren’t taken away by mean, angry animals. You can also anchor traps with several cinder blocks if no tree is present.
HOG SNARES ^
Another way to reduce the local hog population is to use heavy cable SNARES. You’ll need the heaviest duty model we make which is strong enough to hold both mountain lions and bears. Hogs will test the strength of the cables and pound for pound, are about as strong as a bear.
Snares should be set up like leghold traps; place them in pathways or trails where hogs are known to travel. Bait is not needed to make a set and in most cases, target animals will be caught by the leg or head. Like leghold traps, you must anchor your snare to a large, mature tree or cement cinder block to insure the cable isn’t hauled away.
HOG CONTROL LIVE TRAPS ^
Lastly, another effective method of catching live hogs is with a cage trap. Well suited for small numbers of animals, trapping hogs can be an effective tool.
To ensure success, place the trap where pigs have been active and bait it with 5-10 lbs of cracked corn. Line the trap floor with common ground cover like pine straw, sand, grass, etc. The goal here is to conceal the metal cage floor so they don’t feel uncomfortable walking over it. Partially covering the trap with tree branches, shrub stems, local plants that vine like kudzu or some other vegetation can help too.
Our trap is 20″ wide, 28″ tall and 72″ long which is 6 feet. In general, one hog will be caught per set but we have had reports of two entering and getting caught at the same time.
Hogs have made a big impact on regions in a negative way once they come around foraging. If you have nuisance hog damaging your property, install our sound repeller or trap it out.
CONTACT US ^
Give us a call if you need further help. Our toll free is 1-800-877-7290 and we’re open Monday through Thursday, 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM. On Friday, 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM and on Saturday, 9:00 AM to 2:00 PM (Eastern Standard Time).
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