- WHERE TO ARMADILLOS NEST?
- WHAT DO ARMADILLO EAT?
- ARMADILLO LIFE CYCLE
- HOW TO CONTROL A LOCAL ARMADILLO PROBLEM
- ARMADILLO REPELLENTS
- ELIMINATE ARMADILLO FOOD TO STOP THEM FROM DIGGING
- PERSISTENT ARMADILLO PROBLEM
- ARMADILLO CONTROL WITH LIVE TRAPS
- CONTACT US
Armadillos belong to the same family of mammals as the sloth and anteaters. Their body is made of a leathery material generally referred to as “armor”. The species most present in North America is the Nine-banded armadillo who can be found throughout the entire southwest and southeast. In fact, this species of armadillo is migrating ever further from Texas – the original state it was first found. In some states, they have established themselves after being released intentionally but in others, they’ve migrated naturally and been able to find adequate habitat for their survival.
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WHERE TO ARMADILLOS NEST? *
Armadillos love to nest in rock piles, around trees or deep in thick shrubs. Around structures they like to dig out dens under cement slabs. Their burrows are usually 15 to 25 feet long and cause extreme damage to tree roots. In many cases, this damage leads to the tree dying. These same burrows can lead to flooding when dug around a structure spaces and undermine patio slabs or walk ways. This weakening ultimately leads to the concrete falling apart and breaking. Armadillos are strong diggers and rely on this strength for finding food and creating shelter.
WHAT DO ARMADILLO EAT? *
Armadillos are attracted to tasty fruit which may be found in a garden or compost pile. Once they start coming around, expect them to return every night as they are mostly nocturnal. They like to establish “runs” where they will travel every night expecting to find food. These same “runs” can be used against them and will be discussed later in the article.
Armadillos also love grubs turf worms. Lawns which are left untended will often develop beetle grub populations which will certainly attract armadillos from far and wide. Earthworms are another food source they like and either grubs or worms can be found by digging up sod, raking away leaves, moving carefully laid wood chips or bark, or simply digging frantically until such food is found. Either way, the mess they leave is typically aggravating, damaging and never ending.
ARMADILLO LIFE CYCLE *
Armadillos mate in the fall and have their young around February or March. Almost every litter will have identical quadruplets. These miniature adults are ready to walk, swim and behave much like their parents. By the end of the summer, they too will be wreaking havoc in the neighborhood if allowed to keep growing their local numbers.
HOW TO CONTROL A LOCAL ARMADILLO PROBLEM *
Armadillo control can be accomplished by either a passive or aggressive method. Using both tactics will ultimately provide the best results. Passive techniques employ repellents and sprays to deal with the armadillos vast food sources. This approach will provide immediate results and in some cases, resolve the conflict. Aggressive techniques involve either live trapping or kill trapping and they too will provide instant control. However, if some of the passive techniques are not employed, other armadillos are likely to find the vacant territory once the current armadillo is removed. In most cases, both passive and aggressive armadillo control will yield the best results.
ARMADILLO REPELLENTS *
There is a couple of repellent treatments for armadillo we’ve found to be effective. The first one is designed to repel them off the lawn, mulch, flower beds and basically any turf where you know they use to forage. Made with all natural ingredients, ARMADILLO REPELLENT GRANULES are so concentrated that they set off an instinctive “alarm” inside the foraging animal that makes them become wary and unsettled. This in turn causes them to stay off treated turf and in turn, find new areas to forage.
Apply the granules at the rate of 1 lb per 625 sq/ft. Ideally treating a 20 foot wide band around your property borders will keep them from entering. Typical treatments will last at least 30 days but for areas in the yard where they’re digging, renew the application every 14 days.
ARMADILLO SOUND REPELLER *
Another more permanent solution is to install ULTRA SOUND REPELLERS. These devices send out sound which is distressing to a variety of animals depending on the setting. Once tuned in to target armadillos, these units will keep them out of the protected zone established by setting them out in strategic locations around the home.
Each unit can cover up to 3500 sq/ft for armadillo and can be powered by using “D” cell batteries. Set them to “motion activated” which means they’ll turn on when target animals enter the zone and the detector senses motion. Armadillo cannot handle the sound and though humans cannot hear it, they can. This will in turn cause them to forage elsewhere for dinner. Each unit is small, about the size of a cigar box, and should be placed at least 3 feet off the ground to insure decent coverage. Ideally placing them 5-7 feet up will yield the best results and they can be mounted on the side of your home, a tree or even a wooden pole or stake.
Batteries will last 6-12 months and the units are weatherproof so they’ll work in the rain or snow. They also come with an AC power converter so if you have a nearby power outlet, you can plug them in and set them to “always on”. This setting will always do the job and overall is the best setting to use because it will keep them away for good. Using the motion detector setting will usually do the job too but since it requires an animal to get close to power the unit on, this setting tends to take a little more time to eliminate the activity and force the armadillo to forage elsewhere.
ELIMINATE ARMADILLO FOOD TO STOP THEM FROM DIGGING *
Another passive approach to armadillo involves taking away their food supply. Although armadillos will readily feed on plants, they prefer grubs and other insects common to any lawn, flower bed or mulch pile. Treat these insects using a fast acting granule and liquid and often times this will force the armadillo to forage elsewhere or risk starvation.
In general, grubs are a favorite food of armadillo. And in the fall and winter months, grubs will be active up close to the surface of the turf. They’re also peaking size wise which means they will making enough noise to attract predators like armadillo.
For this reason, treating the turf with a combination of granules and liquid will many times yield fast results. But the key is to use the right actives.
For this job, DEMAND GRANULES have proven to be the best option. Apply 3 lbs per 1,000 sq/ft and in most cases, one treatment will do the job.
Demand uses a fast acting ingredient so it will work on insects within a week or two. But this same active also acts as a repellent to digging armadillo. This happens because the main ingredient inside the Demand granule is irritating to the mouth, nose and eyes of any animal that digs into treated turf. Foraging animals will readily stick their snout into the dirt and this behavior will cause them to contact the granules which in turn will cause them some discomfort. This discomfort isn’t harmful but most any animal will be bothered enough to force them elsewhere.
Use a regular fertilizer spreader to apply the Demand. For flower beds or other small areas, a SCATTERBOX SPREADER will be best suited.
After the granules are applied, spray over the top with CYONARA RTS. Water is needed to activate the granules and since they will take a week or so release their active into the soil, spraying with Cyonara will really help by insuring immediate penetration of active chemical.
Use 1 quarts of Cyonara for every 16,000 sq/ft of turf and retreat twice. The second treatment should be 2 weeks after the first. Cyonara is odorless but uses the same active as Demand which means the liquid will also be irritating to digging animals.
PERSISTENT ARMADILLO PROBLEM *
Although repellents and treatment of turf are passive approaches to controlling armadillos, they will work. In most cases they will force the animal to find another food supply and to leave your yard alone. However, every now and then you will encounter an Armadillo which is simply too stubborn and will force you into using extreme measures in order to reclaim your turf.
ARMADILLO CONTROL WITH LIVE TRAPS *
If the armadillos are simply too much and you cannot wait for passive control measures to take effect, the use of a live trap will provide quick control. Simply place the trap where the animal is digging. Bait it with apples, bananas or other over ripe fruit and then add some of our LOGANBERRY LURE.
Loganberry Lure: http://www.bugspraycart.com/traps/lure/loganberry-paste
This lure is a blend of many fruits which armadillos cannot resist and will surely lure them into any trap. This paste is easy to apply and releases a strong aroma armadillos are sure to find.
Of course, if the target animals have been digging in the yard and turf, use our GRUB BAIT. Since this lure smells like grubs, nuisance armadillo will find it fast.
BEST ARMADILLO LIVE TRAP *
There are several traps which will work for armadillo control. The simplest is the LT111230. This trap will work well for opossum, cats and armadillo. It will work for small raccoon as well. This trap features a great trip mechanism which will assuredly keep anything caught and it has a rear release door which allows for quick releases.
If you think you will be using the trap for other animals as well which might be larger, consider the LT111236. This trap is slightly longer but also features a rear release door which is very convenient for releasing trapped animals. Both traps feature strong wire construction with a sturdy frame, locking door and excellent trip mechanism. The set can be adjusted on either trap to work for both light or heavy animals.
If you have a den or hole through which armadillo are traveling, the LT111236BD may be the best trap for you. It’s easy to set, doesn’t need bait to work and works great for any ground nesting animal like armadillo, woodchucks, prairie dogs, etc.
Trap placement needs to be where the animal is active. This is usually in the yard where they are digging or around a den you know is active. Armadillo don’t see well and require fence lines, structures and pathways for most of their travel. These pathways can allow for the easiest way to trap these animals.
Simply place your trap along the pathway and most armadillo will walk right inside the trap!
ARMADILLO FUNNEL TRAP *
Many armadillo have been caught by setting a trap along their path and then placing 2×6’s on their side in front of the trap extending away from the traps entrance. This “funnel” will channel the armadillo into the trap and will allow you to catch the animal without using bait!
It is not because armadillos are dumb as much as it is they can’t see well. This lack of vision requires them to forage based on set patterns and learned routes.
ARMADILLO KILL TRAPS *
This weakness and pattern of behavior can also be used to set some kill traps. Using the funneling set, a kill trap will provide a quick kill over and over again.
When you have a specific pattern they are following along a fence line or through a fence or other hole, consider some BODYGRIP TRAPS. These are readily used by professional trappers and basically work by crushing the target animal instantly. Death is quick and rarely do they miss.
Since armadillo will be traveling on the ground, use BODYGRIP TRAP STANDS to get the trap right where it needs to be. These will keep the trap steady and secure. The 220 is usually all that is needed for armadillo but if you have some large ones, get the 330.
Also, the springs on these traps are hard to compress with common household tools so a BODYGRIP TRAP SETTER is strongly recommended. Use some of the Loganberry or Grub Bait on either side of the set and make sets in early evening. These will clearly pose a hazard to non-target animals like dogs and cats so be sure and keep any pets away when trapping.
CONTACT US *
Give us a call if you need further help. Our toll free is 1-800-877-7290 and we’re open Monday through Thursday, 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM. On Friday, 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM and on Saturday, 9:00 AM to 2:00 PM (Eastern Standard Time).
Email questions here: http://www.bugspray.com/about-us/contact-us
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