- SCORPION DISTRIBUTION
- SCORPION PROBLEMS
- SCORPION PEST CONTROL
- SCORPION TREATMENTS FOR THE YARD
- SCORPION SPRAY FOR THE LAWN AND HOUSE FOUNDATION
- SCORPION TREATMENTS FOR INSIDE THE HOUSE
- FIND SCORPIONS USING A BLACK LIGHT
- SCORPION GLUE TRAPS
- SCORPION TREATMENT FOR THE ATTIC
- SCORPION DUST AND LIQUIDS FOR ATTICS AND CRAWL SPACES
- SCORPION CONTROL FOR LIVING AREAS
- SCORPION REPELLENT DUST
- SCORPION CONTROL LIQUID SPRAY FOR INSIDE THE HOME
- CONTACT US
Scorpions are found in most parts of the United States. It used to be that they were only considered a “southern pest”, but in recent years have been found in many northern tier states. This is most likely due to them being relocated, along with nursery stock, since it is highly unlikely they have migrated any significant distance. Though scorpions are mobile and will travel several hundred feet during their lifetimes, interstate relocation’s would not be possible without the help of man.
Other information: PEST ARTICLES
SCORPION DISTRIBUTION *
Many shrubs, plants, flowers and trees are commercially grown in the south and then sold to markets in northern states. It is not uncommon for some unwanted “hitchhikers” to travel with such stock when sold and during this time, many pests will be relocated to areas where they normally don’t exist. Though the weather may be too harsh for most of these pests, some will find refuge in heated malls and other facilities which have controlled environments. Some will eventually find their way into homes and other buildings where they are able to establish themselves and start to reproduce. Though this is happening around the United States, the bulk of scorpion infestations are still most common in the mid to southern states and extend from the west coast to the east coast.
SCORPION BIOLOGY *
Scorpions are generally a nocturnal animal; they prefer to be active during the night. They have poor eyesight yet thrive in the dark relying on their strong body, pinchers and stinger as a way to both defend and navigate any hostile environment. Scorpions have been referred to as “land lobsters” because they resemble something you would expect to see in the ocean – like a lobster – rather then a land dwelling insect.
Scorpions have a three part body comprised of the cephalothorax (head), their main body or trunk which has 7 segments and their tail, which has 6 segments. The last segment of their tail works like a universal joint with a stinger attached. Scorpions are able to maneuver their tail in any direction and though most people think of them stinging in the classic “C” position with stinger over their head, scorpions will sting anyway possible when danger is present. Scorpions have 8 legs along with a set of pinchers up front which are quite strong and agile. They use these pinchers for hunting their prey, self defense, grooming and maintaining their young.
SCORPION LIFE CYCLE *
Scorpions bear live young with litters containing 25-50 on average. These babies will climb onto the back of the mother scorpion where they will feed and grow for 1-3 weeks before moving off and out into the real world. Scorpions take a long time to develop. It is estimated that the average scorpion will molt several times during the first few years of life and reach maturity after 3-4 years. They will then go on to live 5-10 years in the wild; longer in controlled environments which are not so harsh.
There are several species of scorpions in and around the United States. Some of the more common ones include the Black and Stripe Back Scorpion. The Southern Devil and the Slender Devil are also native to the States. These all have a stinger which can deliver toxins and poison which is in line with the sting of a wasp or bee. Like bee and wasp stings, there will usually be some pain followed by swelling and discomfort for several days. However, the sting of the Sculptured Scorpion can be more of hazard. These stings can be deadly and have accounted for many deaths over the years.
The Sculptured Scorpion resides in Arizona, New Mexico and parts of Texas and California. It happens to be among the smaller sized scorpions reaching 2-3 inches at best. One key to identifying this species is the length of their pinchers. The pinchers on the sculptured scorpion will be quite long compared to other species. As with all scorpions, you should not handle them or touch them. If you live in an area where they are present or a home which has scorpion activity, take care to avoid contact with them. This video shows what the common Pine or Black Scorpion looks like.
SCORPION FOOD *
Scorpions are predatory by nature and feed on a wide array of insects. Their strong pinchers, along with their venomous sting, enable them to be fierce and effective hunters. Scorpions will be active mainly at night choosing to rest and hide during the day. Prime locations where they might nest or hide includes under rocks, mulch comprised of pine straw, wood chips or compost, logs, flower bed coverings made of vinyl and other weed reducing material, railroad ties, patio slabs and just about anything found in and around the home which is part of the landscape.
At night, scorpions will forage looking for food and mates. Though scorpions have 2-12 eyes, they don’t see well. Instead, they rely on their strong yet sensitive pinchers to both feel and grab their prey. Prime food targets include roaches, ants, grasshoppers and other ground dwelling insects. However, most any scorpion will readily accept a termite if they had to make a choice. This is thought to be true since termites are so fleshy, nutritious and bountiful. For this reason, scorpions tend to be attracted to areas which are moist, shady and full of insects – classic conditions for most any insect population – especially termites !!
SCORPION PROBLEMS *
Scorpions present a hazard both in the yard and in the home. They love to reside where it is moist and irrigated lawns and landscaping will naturally attract them. It is thought they are coming for the other insects on which to feed but regardless of why they come around, once they are found in the grass and turf some will undoubtedly find their way inside. For this reason it is important that you address outside populations on a regular or maintenance type program.
As is the case with many perimeter invading pests, by keeping outside populations in check, you can dramatically reduce the risk of any getting inside local structures. This will help to reduce contact with people which in turn will help to minimize the chance of anyone getting stung. Around the home, scorpions love to nest in flower beds, mulch piles, under wood chips or pine straw and in garages which store a lot of boxes or other items on the floor. The scorpions flat body lends itself well to being able to crawl under most any object. This ability to crawl into small cracks and crevices is what makes the scorpion a common invader to our living environments.
HOW SCORPIONS GET INSIDE THE HOUSE *
Scorpions are great climbers and will readily scale brick, wood, stucco and most any siding on a house. This means if you let them live around the home, some will invariably move inside. They do this seeking both warmth and refuge and once inside, will require extensive treatments to exterminate established populations. Treating them outside is both easier and less costly and should be done on a regular basis if you reside where scorpions are present.
SCORPION PEST CONTROL *
Controlling a scorpion problem involves treating the main nest sites. If you preventive treat for scorpions, you can many times reduce the population living around the home so few if any come inside. This is by far the best approach. So if you’re seeing some in the yard, don’t wait. Treat now and in the long run it will prove a lot easier to get rid of them. Once inside the home, there are various products and methods needed to deal with the locations they’ll most likely want to nest.
SCORPION TREATMENTS FOR THE YARD *
There are two types of preventive maintenance which should be done around the home. First, apply DELTAMETHRIN GRANULES around the home quarterly. The most minimal treatment needed is to disperse the granules around all sides of the home effectively establishing a “band” of treated turf. This treated band will stop scorpions from both nesting and crawling thus keeping them out of the home.
Use a GRANULE SPREADER when doing the application to insure uniform application. These granules pose no hazard to people or pets when applied properly and will last 2-3 months per treatment. Be sure to treat at least a 10 foot wide area around the structure. This amount of coverage will give you adequate protection. If you are in an area which borders on woods, fields or other turf which has a high amount of scorpions present, treat as much of the yard as possible. Getting this area blanketed will cut down and all but eliminate scorpions from nesting and foraging. This will enable you to have both pets and children use the area with minimal risk of getting stung.
SCORPION SPRAY FOR THE LAWN AND HOUSE FOUNDATION *
Since the Deltamethrin Granules are slow acting and need a week or so to “kick in”, the use of a liquid material over the turf will be needed if you want immediate knockdown. CYKICK CS is an excellent material for this type of application. Use it in a 20 GALLON HOSE END SPRAYER. This is the type of sprayer that connects to your garden hose. Just add some water and Cykick CS, attach it to your garden hose and spray away.
Hose End Sprayer: http://www.bugspraycart.com/equipment/sprayers/gilmour-20g-390
Getting the local turf, flower beds and mulch areas soaked will insure you penetrate down where scorpions like to hide. Be sure to spray the sides of the home with it as well. Direct the spray at the foot of the foundation and come up at least 3 feet. Since scorpions will regularly climb up just about any building, treating the side of the home is important and should be done a regular basis. Just keep children and pets away when the application is done but they will be able to safely access the treatment sights once all areas are dry. This will usually be within an hour of the application.
If you have just a small area to treat, you could opt to use one of our PUMP SPRAYERS for the job. Just remember that the key when spraying over flat areas for scorpions is being sure to use enough water. This means more work with a pump sprayer but we do have a few models with big tanks that will work well for this job. The bottom line here is being sure to get the right amount of Cykick out for the area you want to treat. Using a lot of water won’t hurt; in fact, more water is better at dispersing the Cykick down into the key areas where scorpions like hide.
Pump Sprayer: http://www.bugspraycart.com/good/pump-sprayers
SCORPION TREATMENTS FOR INSIDE THE HOUSE *
Anyone with current nesting and scorpions active in the home should be taking a lot of precautions to insure occupants don’t get stung. Be especially careful at night when walking around. Since scorpions are nocturnal, it is highly likely that you will encounter them when it is dark. Try to wear slippers, sandals or some other footwear to minimize the possibility of being stung when walking around.
FIND SCORPIONS USING A BLACK LIGHT *
Stepping on a scorpion is one of the more common ways people get stung so be careful at night! If you see scorpions on a regular basis in the home during the night, get a BLACK LIGHT to help identify where they are located. Scorpions reflect the light making them very visible and easy to see. Check out this video to see just how easy a scorpion is to see when using our Black Light.
Black Lights are a great tool to help avoid contact and should be used by children, elderly persons or anyone that is overly sensitive to a scorpion sting. For extra protection, arm yourself with a HAND HELD ZAPPER. This device is a neat little tool that can be used on scorpions, spiders, roaches, wasps, bees and just about any unwanted insect. It works by electrocuting the targeted insect and is very effective and handy to have around.
Hand Held Zapper: http://www.bugspraycart.com/traps/electric/hand-held-zapper
An even easier tool to carry is the BUG VACUUM/ZAPPER. This device is great for those late night “patrols”; it allows you to both trap and kill a scorpion without creating a mess. Of course, if you live where the deadly sculptured scorpion resides, the use of a Black Light and one of the featured Zappers should be standard operating procedure anytime you walk around late at night!
Bug Vacuum Zapper: http://www.bugspraycart.com/traps/electric/bug-vacuumzapper
SCORPION GLUE TRAPS *
Another great tool to install in any room where scorpions are present are some SCORPION GLUE TRAPS. These are basically standard glue traps but with roach scent. Though not detectable by people, the scent these traps release will readily attract scorpions since they love to eat roaches. Once they enter the trap, they will get stuck and can be safely removed. It is suggested that you install these traps in any room where scorpions have been seen. Most locations will be along baseboards but key places to trap scorpions include closets, either side of any door leading outside (especially garage doors), basements and attics. These traps should be changed quarterly; immediately once filled.
Since scorpions are great climbers, it is very common for any house to get them active on the second level or upstairs. This happens because scorpions will readily climb the outside of the structure and enter around the roof line or soffit leading to the attic. Once inside, they will nest in the insulation and wood work of both attics and crawl spaces. In fact, it is very common for homes to have scorpions living in these two areas for some time before they are ever noticed. This is because attics serve host to many invaders. It is very common for wood roaches, ants, beetles, flies and other pests to enter attics and never make it to living areas.
SCORPION TREATMENT FOR THE ATTIC *
Scorpions which enter attics can find more then enough food there to keep them happy. However, it won’t be long before the first few living in your attic will mate and start to reproduce. Once the young start leaving their mother, they will forage out and though many will stay in the attic, many others will forage down into living areas. The same thing can happen in crawl spaces. If you have one or two scorpions being found in living areas over the course of a year, this is probably due to the local outside population which needs to be addressed with the outside treatments described above. However, if you are seeing a lot of small, young scorpions or if you see one or more adult a month, you most likely have an active population in the attic or crawl space which needs immediate attention.
SCORPION DUST AND LIQUIDS FOR ATTICS AND CRAWL SPACES *
When treating attics or crawl spaces, in most cases you won’t want to use any type of liquid. The dry, absorbent nature of these areas will take away from the liquid treatments residual action which means frequent treatments, short periods of control and a lot of work. So in most cases, the best material for attics a dust and one of the best available for either treatment site is DELTAMETHRIN DUST. This material will stand up well to water and heat. It is very active on most any stinging insect and should be evenly dispersed in either location using a DUSTIN MIZER or an ELECTRIC BG DUSTER.
Now if by chance your attic has been treated with one of the new “spray-on foam” type insulations, this area will be mostly air tight and in general, sealed quite well. This doesn’t mean scorpions won’t move in.
But when deciding what product to apply to attics treated with blown in foam, we find that dusts loose their advantage. In fact, a light misting with a microencapsulated liquid concentrate is usually a better way to treat.
First, using this type of material is cost effective. Second, treatments can be done with nothing more than a good pump sprayer. And third, you can get 6-12 months of protection per spray which is the same kind of residual the Deltamethrin Dust will provide.
A couple of other advantages of the spray is that it won’t leave a visible residue like dusts. In typical attics, Deltamethrin Dust distributed in the insulation won’t matter. But over the more solid blown in insulation, it can be messy. Especially if you plan on storing items up there or walking around the area. Lastly, microencapsulated concentrates can last a long time.
In fact, ONSLAUGHT can provide 6-12 months of time released protection when used on a non porous surface like hard blown in foam insulation. And though it can be applied well with a good PUMP SPRAYER, using a fogging machine like a MINI FOGGER will enable you to get complete coverage with very little product. This is because the mist will permeate and penetrate throughout the space a lot better compared to using a liquid sprayer.
Pump Sprayer: http://www.bugspraycart.com/good/pump-sprayers
SCORPION CONTROL FOR LIVING AREAS *
If the frequency of sightings in the home leads you to believe there could be scorpions nesting in living areas, there are different products that should be employed. First, use some PT-PHANTOM AEROSOL for any crack or crevice where you suspect they might be residing. This product comes with a thin crack and crevice tube that enables one to direct the material deep into spaces where scorpions like to live. Phantom will kill them slowly since it’s not fast acting. But this is okay. Phantom’s unique formulation enables it to work slowly and over this time, scorpions which touch the treatment can “share” it with other scorpions. This enables the treatments to have a much bigger impact. Plus Phantom goes on dry and odorless. For inside applications, this is a big advantage. Phantom will last 2-4 weeks when applied to non-porous surfaces. This means that scorpions won’t be able to move back where the Phantom is applied. Be sure to apply it under the baseboard molding, around door and window frames, around register frames and generally anywhere there are slight voids, cracks or crevices that might host scorpions.
Phantom Aerosol: http://www.bugspraycart.com/insecticide/aerosol/pt-phantom-17-5oz
SCORPION REPELLENT DUST *
For longer protection, consider the use of another dust. DRIONE is a dry dust which is much like the Deltamethrin Dust mentioned above for treating attics and crawl spaces. Drione, however, has qualities making it more unique and better suited for another application goal. When scorpions reside in attics or crawl spaces, the Deltamethrin Dust is good to use there because the scorpions will readily crawl through the treatment and die. But the Drione is different acting in that scorpions hate it and will avoid where it has been applied. For this reason, Drione is better suited for the treatment of electric outlets, light fixtures and other routes of entry to living spaces.
By applying Drione to these places, you will be making the room “scorpion proof” because they will retreat from the Drione thus keeping them in the wall void or attic. If they crawl through it, they will die. But the Drione is best suited to be used as a repellent with the purpose of keeping them out and away. This is the same reason why you shouldn’t use it in the attic. If you have scorpions in the attic and you apply Drione to the area, the risk of them migrating away and into the living area of the home is greatly increased. For this reason, use the Deltamethrin for the attic or crawl space and the Drione for the living areas you want to keep scorpion free.
Remember that the Drione is light and white so it will be visible where applied. Try directing applications to cracks and crevices where scorpions want to use for nesting or entering the room and use a HAND DUSTER to help with the treatment. They will allow you to make precise applications and to help minimize waste. Any applied which misses the target sight can wiped up with a damp paper towel or rag. Once Drione gets wet, it loses it’s effectiveness. This is why you need to apply it in living areas and not attics or crawl spaces. Deltamethrin Dust isn’t affected by moisture which is another reason why it is better suited for these areas.
SCORPION CONTROL LIQUID SPRAY FOR INSIDE THE HOME *
Another treatment that can be done inside living areas is to treat all baseboards and around routes of entry with a residual type of liquid. Once applied to these areas, the residual will be picked up by scorpions as they enter. This, in turn, will kill them within a day or so. The best products for this application is either CYONARA EC or ONSLAUGHT. Both are long lasting and very active on scorpions. Be sure to treat all baseboards and around any route of entry you identify or suspect scorpions may be using. Either product can be used outside for spraying the side of the home as well. Remember to use the Lamda-Cyhalothrin once every 2-3 months. Inside treatments with the Onslaught can last a year so if you don’t want to treat on a regular basis, this product may be better suited for your needs. Use one of our SPRAYERS to treat with either product.
Pump Sprayer: http://www.bugspraycart.com/good/pump-sprayers
Scorpions are a pest found throughout most of the United States. Though most don’t have a sting which is deadly, at least one does so don’t touch or handle them. Since scorpions like to crawl around in the dark, people have a tendency to step on them during the night and get stung this way so be careful if you are finding them in your home. Use a Black Light to help see any which are out; the Hand Held Zapper is another good tool to keep around if they are in the home. Treat the outside with the Delta Guard Granules and Cykick CS spray to keep numbers under control but you will have to do some dusting and liquid treatments inside once they get in the home. Use the Deltamethrin Dust for attics and crawl spaces; the Drione is best suited for treating the perimeter of rooms you don’t want scorpions to enter. Phantom aerosol is handy for areas where the dust is too messy, such as under baseboards or furniture, so keep a can of it around. Use either the Lamda-Cyhalothrin or Onslaught for long term residual that can be sprayed. Both are very active on scorpions, odorless and easy to apply. Since scorpions can take a long time to develop and infest a home, it might take several months before you get the problem under control so have patience when treating. Remember to set out some Scorpion Glue Traps to help monitor activity and if you identify and treat nest sights the way we describe above, you will be able to knock them out once and for all!!
CONTACT US *
Give us a call if you need further help. Our toll free is 1-800-877-7290 and we’re open Monday through Thursday, 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM. On Friday, 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM and on Saturday, 9:00 AM to 2:00 PM (Eastern Standard Time).
Email questions here: http://www.bugspray.com/about-us/contact-us
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