Javelina have become a problem in certain areas of the United States. They are ferocious eaters, populate quickly and have a negative impact on most all animals as well as the local environment.
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JAVELINA PROBLEMS IN THE YARD *
Javelina can be a problem in and around any home.
1) They compete with most native animals for food and due to their high rate of consumption, can severely restrict supplies.
2) They will eat most animal young like turtles, ground dwelling birds and even puppies or kittens.
3) They will readily forage on poultry and small cattle like lambs or goats.
4) When natural food isn’t available, Javelina will forage on local gardens or crops. Their impact can be fast and extreme resulting in tremendous losses to any farmers harvest.
5) They love to feed on young plants, seedlings, trees, nuts and vital components significant to the way plants and trees replenish themselves in our landscape. Additionally, they will damage existing forests with their “rooting” and “rubbing” behaviors.
6) They love to “wallow” in local ponds, lakes or streams which in turn can lead to erosion as well as have detrimental effects on water quality which in turn will impact local aquatic life.
7) They carry all kinds of bacteria and germs and because of their normal behaviors pose a real contamination threat.
8) They can be dangerous. Though mostly shy, Javelina have been known to attack people or domestic animals.
JAVELINA REPELLENTS *
There are a few javelina repellents that can be used to keep them out of the yard when local problems are small and not too extreme. These include bad tasting liquid sprays, sound and water sprayers.
JAVELINA SPRAY *
For mild feral javelina problems where you’ve found them rooting your yard, you can try using DEER OFF. This “bad tasting” agent can be applied to the turf, grass, shrubs, bushes or flowers. Created for deer and rabbits, Deer Off is mixed with water and then sprayed using any standard PUMP SPRAYER. It’s been found to work on javelina as long as there aren’t too many around and there is an alternative food supply available close by.
Mix 16 oz per gallon of water and use the mixed solution to protect up to 2000 sq/ft of surface area.
Use any standard PUMP SPRAYER to apply the solution. Spray turf extra heavy to stop digging behavior.
WATER SPRAY JAVELINA REPELLER *
Another device that will scare them off is the MOTION ACTIVATED WATER SPRAYER. Basically these units are set out in areas of the yard where javelina are active or trailing. These devices have motion detectors and once turned on and hooked to a water supply, they can protect an area in the yard that is being targeted by local javelina. Once the javelina walk into the range of the sensor, water will start spraying out for about 3 seconds. It will then reset itself and be ready to spray again in 10 seconds. It has an effective range up to 40 feet away and can protect up to 2000 sq/ft per unit. Javelina are normally very skittish and sensitive to anything abruptly spraying water or making a hissing sound making this unit highly effective.
JAVELINA SOUND REPELLERS *
Lastly, ultra sound is another option which can help reroute rogue animals from entering your property. This is because javelina are naturally sensitive to these devices and if you set some up along your properties borders, you can usually them from entering. Just make sure to set the units to “constantly run” and for this to happen, you’ll need to power them by the included ac adapter so electricity will be needed.
YARD GARDS are weather proof and can be mounted on a wood pole or stake at ground level so they can be set where they’ll provide the best overall protection. Please note these are to be used to help keep them off your land but will not stop javelina from feeding on fruits or vegetables. So if you have some kind of food crop you want to protect, you’ll have to fence the garden or live trap the invading animal using one of the traps listed below.
HOW TO TRAP JAVELINA *
Because of the problems associated with wild Javelina, farmers and land owners will many times have to remove local javelina from the environment. Javelina can grow large and because of their size and shape, there aren’t many options available for managing local nuisance animals. There are no registered poisons and the only proven method of controlling this animal is with a trap.
LEGHOLD TRAPS FOR JAVELINA *
There are two kinds of traps commonly used for javelina. Known as “leg-holds”, these are styles that have long been used by traditional trappers who hunt beaver, mink, muskrat, etc. These devices work by “catching” target animals on their legs. Trap sets must be made where the Javelina are known to be active and foraging. Depending on the size of the Javelina targeted, use either COIL #3 or COIL # 5 traps. These are the easiest to set and need to be placed along their walkways and trails. Be sure to “anchor” them to large stumps or better yet, live trees. Javelina are quite strong and will easy pull up common trap stakes.
For animals 100 lbs or less, the #3 will usually be large enough.
For animals over 100 lbs, go with a #5.
The more traditional Javelina leg hold trap is known as the Longspring. It’s a bit more difficult to deploy but works just as well. Again, animal size will determine the trap size needed. In most cases, a LONGSPRING # 3 or LONGSPRING # 5 will do the job.
For animals 100 lbs or less, the #3 will usually do the job.
For animals 100 lbs or more, go with a #5.
In most cases there is no need to bait these sets but if you place some corn along a pathway you know is being used, leghold traps can be set in line with the corn. This insures one will step on your set.
Javelina can grow large and are quite strong. For this reason leghold traps must be anchored to a big, strong tree to insure the traps aren’t taken away by animals getting caught. You can attempt to use a dead log but several cinder blocks will usually do the job too if no tree is present.
HOW TO SNARE JAVELINA *
Another way to trap javelina is to use heavy cable SNARES. You’ll need our heavy duty model strong enough to hold both mountain lions and bears because Javelina will test the strength of the cables like any large animal. Use these like leghold traps; place them in pathways or trails where javelina are active. Bait is not needed to make a set and in most cases, target animals will be caught by the leg or head. Like the leghold traps, you must anchor your snare to a large, mature tree to insure the cable isn’t hauled away.
JAVELINA LIVE TRAPS *
Lastly, the most effective method of catching Javelina is with a live trap. For small Javelina wearing 125 lbs or less, the JAVELINA JUNIOR TRAP will be large enough to catch your target. But if you have an ATV and would like to transport your trap and catch, get the JAVELINA TRAP WITH ATV HITCH AND WHEELS.
Either trap should be baited with corn and can be used over and over providing years of service.
The standard Javelina Junior trap measures 26″ wide by 30″ tall by 51″ long.
If you have animals weighing 150 lbs or more, get the full sized HOG TRAP. This model measures 4 feet wide by 4 feet tall by 7.5 feet long and comes with a trailer hitch so you can pull it around with a tractor or ATV.
Javelina have made a big impact on regions where they are now established. If you have nuisance javelina that need to be removed, you’ll need to do some trapping. Leghold or snare type traps can work but The Javelina Trap is probably your best option for long term maintenance and population control.
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