Coyote are prevalent throughout the United States. Though coyote were once thought to be native only in the great plains, they are now found in all lower 48 states. Their color varies from black to brown to gray to red to white. Most have some black hair on their back and tail, but because of cross breeding with dogs and wolves, there is no true color which clearly defines a coyote. In fact, many people mistake them for a dog or a wolf. Wolves are not as dispersed as a coyote and are a subject of another article. Because of this cross breeding, it appears coyotes have lost their true identity. This makes it hard to quickly identify them from region to region and even further complicates the task of trying to establish sub species.
Other information: PEST ARTICLES
COYOTE BIOLOGY ^
Coyote will feed on a variety of food. This includes carrion, rodents, insects, fruit, vegetables, small animals like pets, livestock and birds. Coyote will travel in packs foraging for food and doing their daily activities as a group. Both are active at night between dusk and dawn. Only in remote rural areas with either animal forage during the day unless it is either young or particularly hungry. Coyotes have been known to achieve speeds of 40 miles an hour. Females attain a body weight of 25-30 lbs; males can grow to over 50 lbs. Animals in the northeast seem to average the largest.
Coyote become a problem when their feeding leads them to our gardens, livestock or pets. Coyote are more likely to eat garden vegetables and fruit. Because of how they forage, damage is quick and complete. Coyote will readily eat pheasant, quail, chicken and turkey. Coyote love eggs and can cause huge financial losses to both the commercial farmer as well as the weekend gardener. As people build ponds stocked with fish, turtles and other live animals, coyote find these areas and quickly learn to feed on the bounty. Such refuge provide a quick meal; these small “ponds” offer no protection for the fish and wildlife man tries to keep as pets. It is hard to blame the coyote for their actions. In the wild, their feeding serves a purpose. However, in urban areas, conflict is now occurring.
COYOTE REPELLENT ^
If you’re seeing or hearing that coyotes are active in your neighborhood and would like to keep them off you land, consider a coyote repellent. The most common product used is either TIMBER WOLF URINE or MOUNTAIN LION URINE. Apply small amounts on the border of your property to the scent permeates around the air space where you suspect they might be active. Coyote will avoid areas which contain either scent since they’re naturally afraid of both wolves and large cats.
Timber Wolf Urine: http://www.bugspraycart.com/repellents/liquid/timberwolf-urine-16-oz
Mountain Lion Urine: http://www.bugspraycart.com/repellents/liquid/cougar-urine
COYOTE ULTRA SOUND REPELLER ^
Another option is to install YARD GARDS around your property line. These emit an ultra sound which coyotes don’t like and will avoid. The sound is not harmful or dangerous but works by causing a natural wariness alert coyotes have instinctively. This alert will cause them to flee.
COYOTE LEGHOLD TRAPS ^
Homeowners are now more likely to see a coyote more than in any other time of our countries existence. These animals are fun to watch and many times welcomed when first found. However, be aware of their presence. Coyote are pack hunters. They readily chase and catch deer for food.
COYOTES EAT PETS ^
Small vulnerable pets are no match for a wild coyote. Both cats and dogs are easy prey as well as all the beautiful birds, squirrels and chipmunks around the bird feeder. If you are seeing a lot of activity or if you have neighbors reporting sightings in the neighborhood, be careful. Coyote carry the rabies virus as well as other disease.
Remember, coyotes are not “dogs” and they do not want to be petted so you should never feed them intentionally. Because of the damage they do, coyote need to be controlled in many situations. This can be done with the use of several types of traps and lures. They can be used in many ways and over the years, furriers have developed some great ways to trap even the most wily coyote.
So if you have coyote causing problems on your land, it may be time to start trapping them. The most common type of trap used for coyote is the leghold. This includes both the COIL and the LONG SPRING design. These traps are used many ways. If you are an experienced trapper, than you know how to make a set and what to use with the traps.
Coil Trap 1.75: http://www.bugspraycart.com/traps/coil/coil-1-75
Long Spring 11: http://www.bugspraycart.com/traps/long-spring/long-spring-11
COYOTE CONTROL BOOKS ^
If this is a new activity for you, this article will not be able to detail enough information in order for you to go out and trap successfully. We suggest you get our COYOTE BOOK which goes over several methods and sets which are the most effective methods and sets known. Simply put, they work.
COYOTE URINE ^
The handbook is both easy to read and explains the details clearly with illustrations. There are two things that are needed when working with either leghold trap as you will learn in the book. These two items are COYOTE URINE and COYOTE LURE. These special formulations enable you to make good sets which will be both free of your scent and alluring to either species.
Coyote Lure: http://www.bugspraycart.com/traps/lure/coyote-lure
For the more experienced trapper, you may want to try SNARES. These are less expensive to use for startup costs, but to be effectively used, many more must be put afield.
These are precision traps and must be set along trails, pathways, holes or in exact locations where you know coyote travel.
In the end, you will probably spend as much time and money making effective snare sets as you would making leghold sets. Traditionalists use legholds, modern trappers have adopted snares and a good balance is probably a good idea. Remember, you can’t have too much Urine in the field or too many sets!
COYOTE LIVE TRAPPING ^
Another method of trapping which used to be thought of as impossible to do is live trapping. Recent trap design combined with “step trapping” will enable you to live trap coyote. Step trapping is the process of putting a trap out unset with the door wired open. Food is then presented to the target animal over a period of nights. It is recommended that you offer food outside the trap the first night, at the traps entrance the second night and then in the trap the third night still without actually setting it.
It is also suggested that the trap is disguised by covering it with landscape on the sides, top and bottom. One very effective way to camouflage the trap is to utilize pine straw bales and lots of them. The trick is to completely surround the trap which includes the sides, the back and the top. Pull straw through the mesh from inside the trap. Be sure to use either mud, dirt or more straw to cover the bottom of the cage. The following video features a live trap set being made by a professional trapper. And though the target animal in this video is a fox, use the same exact setup when targeting coyotes.
Coyote are accustomed to seeing straw stacked this way as they are accustomed to seeing wire in farm areas so you don’t have to cover every exposed piece to have success. Urine should be used on and around it as well as target food scent or lure. By making the trap appear to be a “cage” rather than a trap, coyote can be caught.
This type of set is very effective if the animals are used to entering chicken coops or other holding areas for pets, livestock or birds. In fact, this type of trap set is very effective if used in a barn, pen or other livestock cage where coyote are entering.
Upon entering the pen, they are expecting to see a wire and cage like designs so if set in their path with a good lure, you are likely to get one live trapped. Coyote will be more wary of a live trap which is placed in the woods where such a set is not natural. If you want to successfully live trap either species, you will need to do so by making your set where the animals are currently active and causing destruction.
BEST COYOTE LIVE TRAPS ^
Instead of trying to build a stronger, better fence, try making a live set at or near the entrance path. Generally speaking, you can catch an Eastern Coyote with either a LT151842 or the LT152248. Remember, the higher trap will work better for coyote. Don’t forget to use some urine, lure and target food attractant to help get the target animal inside.
Live Trap 15x18x42: http://www.bugspraycart.com/traps/cage/live-trap-15-x-18-x-42-rear-door
To make the ultimate live set, use a LIVE BAIT CAGE and fill it with a bird, rat or other small animal. Coyotes can’t resist a live animal bait and will readily enter any trap when such an offer is present.
This Bait Cage is perfect for a chicken or squirrel and since coyote can’t resist what they believe to be an easy meal, live trapping them will become that much easier when a Live Bait Cage is used.
Once you have successfully trapped a coyote with any of the traps listed above, you may want to use a CATCH POLE to help relocate and move the animal. These are the long sticks you see animal control officers use when dealing with irate animals. The sticks have a thick cable which is slipped around the animals neck.
You are able to tighten the noose as much as needed which should be tight enough to constrain the animal but not kill it. Be prepared for a fight since most wild animals do not like the prospect of being kept under control with this device. However, the stick provides a lot of leverage which enables the handler to gain control of just about any animal including dogs, cats, beaver, deer, coyote, fox and others. Coyote are distributed throughout the United States and are becoming more and more of a problem. They are causing destruction and damage to gardens, livestock and other wildlife. Though essential to the balance of nature, both will readily take advantage of easy prey. Homeowners, weekend gardeners and farmers are finding more and more damage being caused by these canines. To control local nuisance animals, use either Coil or Bridger leg hold traps. Snares can also be used and don’t forget urine and lure in order to make the best set. Live traps can be used effectively as well and our handbook for making the perfect set will prove to be a big help.
CONTACT US ^
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